Your car deserves a lot of care, especially the engine that is the powerhouse of the house. Most people do not think about the condition of the engine. They just keep the interior and the exterior of the car cleaned and rarely look what is going under the hood. People start the car and head off to wherever they want to go. However, it is not until the engine starts making weird noises that the owner/driver wonders what could have possibly gone wrong. The new noises from your engine might make you to take the car to a workshop where you will surely have to pay a lot.
To keep the engine of your car updated and well maintained, you do not necessarily have to empty your wallets. You can do it yourself at home. All you have to do is make sure you observe the following tips and your engine will run better and smooth.
1. Check the Air Filter
Just like us, cars need to breathe in oxygen to keep working and running. Every car needs a clean and continuous air flow to keep the engine smooth. Air filters help keep all the dirt, bugs, leaves and other kinds of external junk from getting inside the engine. An air filter usually lasts a long time but that does not mean you stop checking it. Make sure you keep your air filter clean to prevent any debris and dirt getting in. If too much dirt and debris is allowed to get in the engine, it might seize the engine or weaken it, hence wildly affecting the performance and ultimately the driving experience. Check your air filter regularly and replace it with a new one if necessary.
2. Check the Gas
Petrol has a certain amount of sediment that you cannot see. When you fill up the gas tank of your car, the sediment settles at the bottom. And over a span of years, a significant amount of sediment is collected. However, your engine is safe from the sediment as the fuel filter of your car lets very less or no sediment get in the engine if you keep your fuel at least nearly half full. If you choose to drive your car with very less fuel, the junk collected at the bottom of the tank will get sucked to and the fuel filter might fail. Once the fuel filter has allowed too much junk to get in, your engine might have to be fully checked.
3. Replace the Fuel Filter
As mentioned above, the fuel filter keeps the junk in your gas tank from getting inside your engine and just like the air filter, the fuel filter has to be regularly checked. If the fuel filter already has a lot of junk collected in it, it would be best to get a new one so your car not only gets a smooth flow of fuel but also a clean one.
4. Change the Engine Oil
One of the most important things you can do to keep your engine in mint condition is to check and change the engine oil whenever necessary. Engine oil helps in keeping the engine and its parts well lubricated so that less friction is created. This will also help in generating less heat. A permanent damage can be caused to your engine if the oil is unchecked. It is better to know exactly after how many kilometers or miles does your car needs the engine oil to be changed. Similarly, oil filters have to be checked regularly too. They collect the junk in from the oil inside the engine and keep the engine clean and well lubricated.
5. Check the Cooling System
To keep the engine cool, you will have to make sure your cooling system works just fine. The system includes the radiator, water pump, radiator fluid and thermostat. Check the level of coolant in the radiator daily to make sure your car does not heat up while driving. Also keep an eye on the heat gauge while driving. If even after checking the coolant, your car gets heated up, you might have to get it checked.
6. Check for Leaks
Due to the immense heat and pressure, engine hoses, usually made of rubber, tend to get cracked and therefore leak the oils that your engine needs. Be sure to check under the bonnet regularly to see if the engine is leaking any oil or not. The seals which keep your engine from leaking oil often get old and start leaking oil. Make sure you get such seals and hoses replaced with new ones. You can also smell the leaks but also look under the car and see if there is any fluid on the pavement.
7. Check the Engine Belts
Engine belts are there to keep the fan, alternator, AC and various other things in your car running. Usually the belts last a long time but you have to make sure you do not have any cracked ones. As belts run the whole time you keep your engine on, they get a lot of wear and tear. Look for any visible cracks and get them changed if necessary.
8. Maintain Speed
Your car will give you a better mileage and will run smoothly if you go easy on the start and stops. If you drive in the city you will have to stop every few minutes which will put more pressure on the engine. Make sure you maintain your speed, RPM and acceleration. Stick to the highway if possible.
9. Clean the Spark Plugs
To make sure your engine is protected the whole time, clean or change the spark plugs. As they get used a lot, they can cause a lot of damage to the engine if they are left unchecked. They use the electric charge from the distributor to generate a spark which is used to ignite the fuel. Also, make sure you get the wires changed so the distributor can easily send electric charges to the spark plug.